Any planning, testing, visualization, or design done before Principal Photography or Capture begins.

Set decoration

Physical objects on the set to help blend with the virtual world; elements may also appear replicated within the virtual environment. Also referred to as set dec.

Virtual preproduction

An extended period of prep and asset creation prior to the start of a virtual production which ideally engages the VAD, cinematographer, director, and other key production personnel in non-consecutive contracts. Also referred to as soft prep.